Follow The Specifics of One Specific
The second tool of “Learn How To Think” of Orlando University’s LEARN HOW is to ask students to always seek the specific problems of the specific entity, during study or problem-solving. When thinking or applying something, students are encouraged not to just quote previous examples or what authorities have stated, which may help some understanding or provide some general guidance. But every entity or situation is unique, and the underlying the reasons will not be exactly the same, regardless of how similar or different they might be. Thus, for the best understanding and solution, the only right way is to investigate, sort out and understand all possible specifics of the specific (entity, subject or problem), that is, to seek THE specifics of that ONE specific.
In other words, whenever dealing with a particular situation or issue, students are advised to avoid general discussions, regardless of what appears to be applicable concepts or principles, similar examples, or the statements of authorities. The exception is where the purpose of such discussion is solely for a general understanding of the situation or issue.
As an example, critical thinking and/or creative thinking have been buzzwords everywhere in the context of teaching of how to make decisions or problem solve. Critical thinking approaches, however, may be viewed as non-creative; and creative actions may be considered as non-critical. It can be either way, all depending on the specifics of a given situation of discussion or study. Orlando University’s students are taught that the only way to decide a course of action in such a case is always open to both thinking methods and to use one or either or both, specifically and accordingly.