Focus On How And Why
The fourth part of “Learn How to Think” is to learn to understand how things happen and why. As discussed in the fundamental philosophy of Orlando University, one central issue is determining the best method(s) on “How to Think” can be taught or learned, rather than what is to be learned. As a higher learning institution, one of the real challenges of learning how to think is how to teach the learner to think in terms of “How and Why.”
The University is challenging its faculty and students to focus on “How and Why” when dealing with real world situations. They are being asked to learn how to use some of the basic, common methods of thinking related to: 1) How to approach an issue, 2) How to analyze an issue, and 3) How to make decisions for a wide range of various problems or issues, rather than blindly following a menu or cookbook mechanically. In other words, knowing the “How and Why” as it relates to one issue may help to deal with three different issues. It is particularly helpful when the learning is focused on the cause or reason underlying the issue, rather than simply responding to phenomenon based on superficial information.
The above is especially important because we believe that for the majority of specialized work or careers, professional knowledge and skills will be mastered by most people largely through their learning on the job. Thus, there are limits for what can be taught by academia within the limited time frame provided.